As part of the government’s effort to protect Filipinos from further forms of human trafficking, President Duterte has approved a law making it illegal for people under 24 to be deployed to work domestically abroad.
Republic Act (RA) No. 11862, which amended several provisions of RA 9208, now prohibits the recruitment, transportation, obtainment, transfer, harboring, maintenance, offering, hiring, providing, receipt or adoption of “a child for deployment abroad as migrant worker.” The law defines a child as someone below 24 years old.
The law also prohibits any person to facilitate any illegal child adoptions for exploitative purposes as well as to recruit a child to participate in any activities in the context of an armed conflict in the Philippines and abroad. The old law, entitled Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003, only prohibited previously the recruitment of a child to engage in armed activities.
Further, to recruit, transport or hire any person for forced labor and debt bondage while making him or her believe that without complying, he or she would suffer a serious harm is now also a form of trafficking in persons.
Other forms of human trafficking, as defined in the previous law, such as sexual exploitation, child pornography, drug trafficking and organ selling, are still prohibited under the new law entitled “Expanded Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2022.”
Who are considered to be human trafficking victims? The law specifies that they must be one of several categories, including a child, a survivor of a crisis, disaster, or pandemic, a member of an indigenous community or a religious minority, a person with a disability, a woman who becomes pregnant or has a mental or emotional disorder, or a person who is harmed by the use of a computer system.
Text: OneCircleOFW Editorial
Photo Source: THE ASEAN POST
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